Back pain often develops without a cause that shows up in a test or imaging study. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include:
1. Muscle or ligament strain- Repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments. Constant strain on the back can cause painful muscle spasms.
2. Bulging disks- Disks act as cushions between the bones in the spine. The soft material inside a disk can bulge or rupture and press on a nerve. Disk disease is often found on spine X-rays, CT scans or MRIs.
3. Arthritis- Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back. In some cases, arthritis in the spine can lead to a narrowing of the space around the spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis.
4. Osteoporosis- The spine’s vertebrae can develop painful breaks if the bones become porous and brittle.
5. Ankylosing spondylitis- This inflammatory disease can cause some of the bones in the spine to fuse. This makes the spine less flexible.
A physical exam by an IBAP back pain doctor is often the first step to determining the source of pain. Following our back pain doctor’s assessment, imaging tests, including X-rays, CT scans and MRIs, may be necessary to help doctors pinpoint the cause of the back pain and determine the best back pain treatment plan.
Advanced, minimally invasive treatment options for back pain have improved outcomes and can help you return to the activities you enjoy. The treatment options from the Indo British advanced Pain clinic that can help reduce back pain include:
Rest and physiotherapy, along with medication, can help reduce back pain.
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